Gateway 2 Unit 2: Cultural Issues

Gateway 2 Unit 2: Cultural Issues

Gateway 2 Unit 2: Cultural Issues

Gateway 2 Unit 2: Cultural Issues

The Vocabulary Of The Unit

Values And Their Meaning

  1. Culture: The arts and other manifestations of human intellectual achievement regarded collectively
  2. Altruism: Selflessness, generosity, and kindness
  3. Citizenship: The set of rights and duties
  4. Initiative: The ability or opportunity to act before others do
  5. Tolerance: The ability to accept and respect the opinions and beliefs of others
  6.  Intolerance: Unwillingness to accept views, beliefs, or behavior that differ from one’s own
  7.  Coexistence: The ability to live together in harmony
  8.  Cooperation: Participating and working together towards the same end or objective
  9.  Equity: Equal treatment to anyone
  10.  Diversity: Showing a great deal of variety; very different
  11. Stereotype: A widely held but fixed and oversimplified image or idea of a particular type of person.

Some Values and Their Antonyms

  • Altruism vs selfishness
  • Tolerance vs intolerance
  • Co-operation vs individuality
  • Equity vs injustice
  • Responsibility vs irresponsibility 
  • Love vs hatred
  • Harmony vs conflict

Some Collocations Related to Cultural Issues

  • Culture diversity
  • Civic education
  • Moral obligations
  • Cultural shock
  • Common good
  • Global citizenship

Compound Adjectives

Compound adjectives are adjectives made up of two or more words usually with hyphens (-) between them. In general, we put a hyphen between two or more words (before a noun) when we want them to act as a single idea (adjective) that describes something.

  • well-known writer
  • brightly-lit room
  • deeply-rooted traditions
  • good-looking boy
  • free-standing tower
  • tongue-tied boy
  • sun-dried fruit
  • short-sighted man
  • long-haired lady
  • world-famous singer
  • last-minute solution
  • deep-sea diving
  • a part-time job

Functions: Expressing Lack of Understanding and Asking for Clarification

It is a situation when there is something not clear to you, it’s an ambiguous one. Expressing a lack of understanding can be done in different ways. Here are some:

1- Showing Lack of Understanding

  • I beg your pardon.
  • I beg your pardon, but I don’t quite understand.
  • I’m not quite sure I know what you mean.
  • I’m not quite sure I follow you.
  • I don’t quite see what you mean.
  • I’m not sure I got your point.
  • Sorry, I didn’t quite hear what you said.
  • Sorry, I didn’t get your point.
  • I don’t quite see what you’re getting at.
  • I can’t see what you are driving at

2- Asking For Clarification

When something is not clear then evidently you ask for clarification. In other words, you want the interlocutor to make it clear to you. This can be done in many ways. Here are some:

  • What do you mean by…?
  • Do you mean…?
  • Could you say that again, please?
  • Could you repeat it, please?
  • Could you clarify that, please?
  • Would you elaborate on that, please?
  • Could you be more explicit?
  • Could you explain what you mean by…?
  • Could you give us an example?
  • I wonder if you could say that in a different way.
  • Could you put it differently, please?
  • Could you be more specific, please?

Grammar: Past Perfect

To see this lesson click here: PAST PERFECT LESSON

Writing: Descriptive Paragraph

Click on this link to learn How to Write a Descriptive Paragraph


  1. I would like to thank you from the bottom of my heart for making it so easier for us to plan our lessons. I wonder if you have ready made tests for back 2 for the first and second term.

  2. What you have been doing for the sake of students is a really invaluable. Thanks a bunch. Good luck. May you get your master degree. Ameen

  3. Thank you so much Sir and teacher Nabil for the iternal support you offer. I would like to ask about the listening part for this lesson. jazaka Allaho khayran