In Gateway 1 Unit 7: Ecology, Moroccan first-year baccalaureate students will learn the essential vocabulary, grammar, and functions related to this topic. This concise summary helps summarize the knowledge that must be acquired in order to properly understand all aspects of ecology.
The vocabulary of Gateway 1 unit 7: Ecology
Ecology is the study of the relationships between living organisms and their environment. It is a broad and interdisciplinary field that encompasses a range of topics, including the interactions between different species, the effects of human activities on the natural world, and the conservation of natural resources.
Ozone Layer – Endangered Species – Organic Fertilizers – Greening – Extinction – Global Warming – Dumping – Recycling – Biodiversity – Ecosystem – Habitat – Conservation – Predation – Competition – Niche – Adaptation – Community – Natural selection
Functions: Expressing Present Wish
Wish / if only + verb ( past simple )
Present simple => past simple
Negative => affirmative
Affirmative => negative
Ex: Tom doesn’t revise His lessons and is always absent so he gets bad marks.
Tom: If only / I wish I revised my lessons
Grammar: Conditional Type 2
Conditional 2 is used when we talk about impossible situations in the present or future or to express Advice
- form :
[if + subject + simple past ] + [ subject + would + verb ( infinitive ) ]
NB: conditional type 2 = present wish
|If clause||Main clause|
|· If I knew where she lives ( this means I don’t know where she lives)· If I were you ( advice )||· I would send her a letter· I would revise my lessons every day|