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1st BacDownload Gateway 1 Unit 4: Leisure Activities

Download Gateway 1 Unit 4: Leisure Activities

Understand health and welfare topics with every resource provided in this “Gateway 1 Unit 4: Leisure Activities” unit summary. Learn the essential vocabulary and grammar related to leisure activities.


Vocabulary in Gateway 1 Unit 4: Leisure Activities

Leisure activities are activities that people do in their free time. They are the activities that they enjoy. Leisure activities can be indoor, outdoor, or both. They help us reduce the stress of our daily life, have a good mood or a state of mind

1. Indoor vs Outdoors Activities

Indoor activities

Outdoor activities


  • Cooking
  • Using the internet
  • Watching tv
  • Chatting on the net
  • Gardening
  • Playing football
  • Jogging
  • Going to the cinema
  • Shopping
  • Cooking
  • Listening to music
  • Reading
  • Playing chess

2. Positive and negative Emotions

  • Positive emotions or feeling
    • Nouns: Joy – gaiety – delight – cheerfulness – merriment – vivacity – calm – satisfaction – enthusiasm – optimism – jubilation.
    • Adjectives: Motivated-amused-Hopeful-cautious-happy-confident-ecstatic-fascinated-relaxed
  • Negative  emotions or feeling
    • Nouns: Anger – despair – depression – loneliness – sadness – frustration – worry – fear
    • Adjectives: Disgusted-shocked-Lonely-annoyed-frightened-enraged-frustrated-anxious-mischievous-smug

3. Adjectives ending with “ed” or “ing”

  • We use adjectives that end up with “ed” to express: feelings and emotions
  • We use adjectives that end up with “ing” to describe: activities and places

Ex: we feel motivated and amused in the English class because we find it interesting.

She felt tired after working hard all day.

A park is a fascinating place you go to.

Grammar in Gateway 1 Unit 4: Leisure Activities

1. Too vs Enough

Use: Too and enough indicate a degree. They are used with adjectives.

  • Too means more than what is needed.
  • Enough means sufficient.

Example: He is too old to play football with the kids.
You’re not working 
fast enough
I don’t have enough time.
He has too many friends.
She has got too much patience

2. Future Tense: “Be going to” and  “Will”

  • Planned action or intention

Example: Bill is going to study information technology

  • Prediction based on physical evidence

Example: There are thick clouds in the sky .it’s going to rain

  • Affirmative
    Subject + be going to + verb (infinitive)
    Ex: He is going to see Bill this evening

    Subject + be not going to + verb (infinitive)
    Ex: He is not going to see Bill this evening

    be + Subject +  going to + verb (infinitive)
    Ex: Is He going to see Bill this evening?


is used for

  • Prediction
    Example: It will rain tomorrow
  • Scheduled events
    The football match will start at 3:00 p.m.
  • Promises
    I’ll telephone you after class
  • Making offers
    I’ll make you some coffee


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