Comparative and Superlative

Comparative and Superlative
Comparative and Superlative

Comparative and Superlative

1 – Comparative

We use comparative to compare something or someone to something or someone else. Look at this example


x is 1.50 cm

y is 1.70cm

  • Y is taller than X.
  • x is shorter than Y

2 – Superlative

We use superlative to compare three or more people or things. Look at this example


x is 1.50 cm

y is 1.70cm

z is 1.80

  • Z is the tallest man

3 – Forming comparative and superlative

to form comparative or superlative we need to know if/whether the adjective is short or long.

  • A short adjective contains ONE syllable.
  • A long adjective contains MORE THAN ONE syllable.

A very simple way to know a syllable is by paying attention to the vowels you hear when you say a word. For example, the adjective large has two vowels large, but when you say it you hear only ONE VOWEL.


The rule

Short adjective: adjective + er than
Long adjective:  more + adjective + than

Short adjective: the + adjective + est
Long adjective: the most + adjective

Spelling Rules
  • Adjectives ending in :

– e -r / -st

large – larger – largest

-Y  ier / iest

heavy – heavier – heaviest

  • One stressed vowel between two consonants double the consonant

big – bigger – biggest

Irregular forms


  1. good
  2. bad
  3. much
  4. many/a lot
  5. little
  6. far (distance and extent)


  1. better
  2. worse
  3. more
  4. more
  5. less
  6. further / farther


  1. best
  2. worst
  3. most
  4. most
  5. least
  6. furthest /farthest

4 – similarity 

we use similarity to say that someone or something is just the same as or like another one or something else.


A is 1.73 cm
B is 1.73 cm

A is as tall as B

The rule :

As + adjective + as

Note: there is no difference between short or long adjectives when forming similarities.

  • Karim is as hard-working as Sohaib.
  • Salwa is as quiet as her sister.

Need Some exercises?

here are they :

Comparative and superlative exercise 1

Comparative and superlative exercise 2


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